Immigration: challenges for new americans of the 1882 chinese exclusion act, which excluded the united states from both the east and west coasts. The chinese exclusion acts, passed by congress and signed into law by president chester alan arthur in 1882, at first barred chinese laborers from entering the united states, and these restrictions were expanded to many ethnic chinese, regardless of nationality, in subsequent laws. The naturalization act of 1790 established the first rules for acquiring citizenship in the united states of america the act created a uniform rule of naturalization and a residency requirement for new citizenship applicants. Matthew stephens history 153 term paper dec 8, 2009 the chinese exclusion act was the first major immigration act enacted by the united states government congress passed the bill in spring of 1882 and president chester a arthur signed it into action. To enforce these statutes, chinese persons wishing to enter the united states for the first time were required to possess documentation from the chinese government, endorsed by diplomatic representatives of the united states, verifying their occupation and eligibility for immigration.
What did the article state about how it will affect chinese laborers what were already in the united states 5 based on the information given on this article alone, did the government provide any justifiable reasoning behind their decision. The reasons behind the chinese exclusion acts in the united states pages 2 words 1,220 view full essay more essays like this: chinese exclusion acts, the. The first significant federal legislation restricting immigration was the 1882 chinese exclusion act individual states regulated immigration prior to the 1892 opening of ellis island, the country.
The explanation, instead, was a supposedly fundamental connection between european racial heritage and suitability for american citizenship in the 1882 debate over the chinese exclusion act, sen. Chinese exclusion act banned chinese laborers from immigrating for the next 10 years and authorized deportation of unauthorized chinese immigrants any chinese immigrant who resided in the us as of nov 17, 1880, could remain but was barred from naturalizing. Anti-chinese sentiment in the united states has existed since the late 18th century it has started from 1864, when the chinese built the transcontinental railroad in 1882, the chinese exclusion act of 1882 was added. During world war ii, when china and the united states were allies, president franklin d roosevelt signed an act to repeal the chinese exclusion acts, to establish quotas, and for other purposes (57 stat 600-1) this act of december 13, 1943, also lifted restrictions on naturalization. The statement below was made by a 19th century immigrant to the united states my family was lucky we survived the progrom in our village in russia the tsarist government acted in support of these anti-jewish attacks.
United states, essentially underscored the government's absolute power to restrict immigration, claiming the power of exclusion of foreigners being an incident of sovereignty belonging to the. Restriction against immigration was the chinese exclusion act, passed by congress in 1882, prohibiting for a period of 10 years the immigration of chinese labourers into the united states. Explicitly anti-chinese agitation culminated in the 1882 federal chinese exclusion act, which was renewed and broadened in 1892 and in 1902 the congressional debate over exclusion often turned from economics to the question of cultural and religious compatibility.
Andrew gyory's closing the gate: race, politics, and the chinese exclusion act attempts to answer a central question about the chinese exclusion act of 1882, specifically why the united states government passed this bill. In 1882 the chinese exclusion act was passed by congress this act exiled chinese laborers from arriving in the united states this was the first time ever that a specific ethnicity was banned from immigrating to the usa racism against the chinese was strong, so the ban remained for ten years. With the passage of this constitutional amendment and the numerical limits placed on immigration to the united states by the immigration acts of 1921 and 1924, border enforcement received renewed attention from the government. The immigration act of 1924 limited the number of immigrants allowed entry into the united states through a national origins quota the quota provided immigration visas to two percent of the total number of people of each nationality in the united states as of the 1890 national census.
A clear and present danger: the chinese exclusion act the san francisco building trades council (btc), organized in 1898, actively participated in the anti-asian agitation that characterized california politics, particularly labor politics, in the late-19th century. National origins act text the national origins act of 1924 was a component of the immigration act of 1924 that established a quota system for determining how many immigrants could enter the united states, restricted by country of origin. Having ended his investigation with the passage of the chinese exclusion act in 1882, he does not report on how powderly, gompers and the other exclusionists were challenged by rev wu p'an-chao (1866-1931), known in america as dr ng poon chew, founder and editor of chung sai yat po, the first chinese-language newspaper in the united states.